The box model plays a very important role in modern web development. without proper understanding of the box model, one will have difficulty laying out the space on a website or mobile application. This is a really good post explaining the box model in very easy to understand and simple terms.
The CSS Box Model
All HTML elements can be considered as boxes. In CSS, the term “box model” is used when talking about design and layout.
The CSS box model is essentially a box that wraps around HTML elements, and it consists of: margins, borders, padding, and the actual content.
The box model allows us to add a border around elements, and to define space between elements.
The image below illustrates the box model:
Explanation of the different parts:
- Content – The content of the box, where text and images appear
- Padding – Clears an area around the content. The padding is transparent
- Border – A border that goes around the padding and content
- Margin – Clears an area outside the border. The margin is transparent